Nathanael calls him the Son of God, God calls him His suffering servant, and the Truest Branch, the King of Israel. Isaiah, the Ancient Prophet, and all the Saints of Israel, looked only with hope of his coming. They hoped in Reality, they hoped for the Truth, the one Who Was simply Who He Was, they awaited Emanuel, they awaited "God With us". Jesus, the name itself means God saves. Jesus said that there was no other name under heaven or earth that could bring salvation.
John, God's Apostle, though under his Brother Simon Peter's care, and shepherding, testifies, that we who actively declare Him son of God- live in unity with God. That the message is not some human doctrine, nor assumptions and theology of man, but something active, something beyond the depths of human reasoning.
As Isaiah, born hundreds of years before Jesus' birth openly Testifies - "Who would believe what we have heard? To whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? " (Isaiah 53 v 1), for the Gospel of Christ (Annointed Saviour) is impossible for the human mind, in its own wisdom to on its own comprehend. It is a mystery so simple, that the most foolish can understand, yet a message that leaves you changed, that even the best of human understanding can hardly account for.
It is not doctrine, or assumptions, or words, that we preach, when we speak of this Jesus, who we True Christians believe, is not only the Incarnation of God, but also his Son.
Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God as set out in the nicence creed, a testimony of one of Our Church's Great Councils, a Testimony of the Holy Catholic and Apostolic church, of the Church the Apostle's founded, about Emanuel, The one God spoke of in the old testament (Bible before Jesus' time) book of Isaiah in chapter 53 and elsewhere. They believe in both that and in the nicene creed which summarizes, both of which I shall now quote for your benefit.
In the old testament (the Jewish Torah, but also with the 7 greek books which most modern Jews don't accept), especially in the parts shared by Christians, and Jews, Man falls from grace, in Genisis 3, and is banished from the Garden of Eden, and God's presence, taking on the punishment of death on himself, Eve and all descendants (us), and almost all (most ) since are tainted with Adam's and Eve's disobedience to God, known as original sin, and sadly, yet without remorse- add to that their own disobedience, which caused a rift between man and God. God promised that he would free Israel from sin, via a Saviour, or Christ (Anointed One - Isaiah 52 & 53), who would reconcile Israel, and all who would also choose to accept such salvation, and friendship, with God, rather than being enemies. Christians believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Promised Saviour of the Old testament Prophesies (Prophesy is when God talks, often about the future), the one who God testified about as Emmanuel, or "God with us"!
They believe that he came to earth as God, as His Son, to preach the Gospel, or good news, and to through his sacrificial death (Truly, there was only one sacrifice, which encompassed all forgiveness, which every Authentic communion service both remembers and partakes in, though we can sin and confess, and gain forgiveness again) to enable the forgiveness of sins (bad things we did against God, which separate us from him, and kill our friendship with him) and to enable us, and teach us how to love, (see 1 corrinthians 13), for the crime of sin is death, and God being just, has to punish sin, which we all have committed, but this is the hardest topic for me to engage, so let us look at the Nicene Constantinopolitan Creed.
(Alterations since 381 in brackets)
The Nicene-Constantinople Creed
A compilation of the council of Nice (A.D. 325) and the council of Constantinople (A.D.381- the year before the year of the council of Rome, when the new testament was finalized, and the vulgate commissioned of St. Jerome)
A compilation of the Council of Nice A.D. 325 and the Council of Constantinople A.D. 381 (Nice already shows Canon law, and excommunicates people from their one Catholic church, Constantinople also shows a catholic church)
We believe (I believe) in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, and born of the Father before all ages. (God of God) light of light, true God of true God. Begotten not made, consubstantial to the Father, by whom all things were made. Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven. And was incarnate of the Holy Ghost and of the Virgin Mary and was made man; was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate, suffered and was buried; and the third day rose again according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of the Father, and shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, of whose Kingdom there shall be no end. And (I believe) in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father (and the Son), who together with the Father and the Son is to be adored and glorified, who spoke by the Prophets. And one holy, catholic, and apostolic Church. We confess (I confess) one baptism for the remission of sins. And we look for (I look for) the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen." quoted from catholic encyclopedia, at newadvent-
- "That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon and touched with our hands, concerning the word of life - the life was made manifest, and we saw it, and testify to it, and proclaim to you the eternal life which was with the Father and was made manifest to us- that which we have seen and heard we proclaim also to you, so that you may have fellowship with us; and our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ. And we are writing this that our joy may be complete.12 " part of ccc 425
Jesus is the word of God, who created the universe (Genesis 1), and was with God in the beginning. He lived in Nazareth, and Galilee, and died in a crucifixtion, at the hands of the Romans, at the request of His own people. Yet this was to fulfill the old testiment, that God's servant must suffer as seen in Isaiah 53-
Who would believe what we have heard? To whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
1 He grew up like a sapling before him, like a shoot from the parched earth; There was in him no stately bearing to make us look at him, nor appearance that would attract us to him.
2 He was spurned and avoided by men, a man of suffering, accustomed to infirmity, One of those from whom men hide their faces, spurned, and we held him in no esteem.
3 Yet it was our infirmities that he bore, our sufferings that he endured, While we thought of him as stricken, as one smitten by God and afflicted.
But he was pierced for our offenses, crushed for our sins, Upon him was the chastisement that makes us whole, by his stripes we were healed.
We had all gone astray like sheep, each following his own way; But the LORD laid upon him the guilt of us all.
Though he was harshly treated, he submitted and opened not his mouth; Like a lamb led to the slaughter or a sheep before the shearers, he was silent and opened not his mouth.
Oppressed and condemned, he was taken away, and who would have thought any more of his destiny? When he was cut off from the land of the living, and smitten for the sin of his people,
A grave was assigned him among the wicked and a burial place with evildoers, Though he had done no wrong nor spoken any falsehood.
4 (But the LORD was pleased to crush him in infirmity.) If he gives his life as an offering for sin, he shall see his descendants in a long life, and the will of the LORD shall be accomplished through him.
Because of his affliction he shall see the light in fullness of days; Through his suffering, my servant shall justify many, and their guilt he shall bear.
Therefore I will give him his portion among the great, and he shall divide the spoils with the mighty, Because he surrendered himself to death and was counted among the wicked; And he shall take away the sins of many, and win pardon for their offenses. " New American Bible
The New American Bible's Gospel of John begins as such
Quoted from http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/__PX9.HTM
He was in the beginning with God.
3 All things came to be through him, and without him nothing came to be. What came to be
through him was life, and this life was the light of the human race;
4 the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world.
He was in the world, and the world came to be through him, but the world did not know him.
But to those who did accept him he gave power to become children of God, to those who believe in his name,
8 who were born not by natural generation nor by human choice nor by a man's decision but of God.
And the Word became flesh 9 and made his dwelling among us, and we saw his glory, the glory as of the Father's only Son, full of grace and truth.
10 John testified to him and cried out, saying, "This was he of whom I said, 'The one who is coming after me ranks ahead of me because he existed before me.'" "
Catholic Christ (Scripturelink Encyclopedia)
Note to reader
I would firstly like to state, that the information I can put on Christ here is less than the smallest summary. All the books in the universe could not cover the smallest fraction of the Redeemer, even with our historic notes.
- Meaning God saves, or Yahweh is Salvation.
- It is the Latin translation of the Greek: “Iesous” which in turn translated the Hebrew name : of either “Jeshua, Joshua or Jehoshua“.
- It refers both to Jesus mission, and his nature.
- A name, in the given society, within the context of the bible, is given by God- in order to covey the nature of a person. To ask something in Jesus name, could well refer as much to his nature, as to his actual name, as shown in the Book of James (James chapter 4 verses 3,4, 8, and 10), where the verse on prayer is clarified.
- The title Jesus adopts, as a king gains the name king (name), or an emperor gains the name Emperor (name), or a doctor gains the name Dr. (name).
- Meaning “Anointed One” or “Anointed Messiah“.
- Anointed refers to the position of Priests, kings, and Prophets in the Old Testament times. This name shows that Jesus combined all three titles.
- “The use of the definite article before the word Christ and its gradual development into a proper name show the Christians identified the bearer with the promised Messias of the Jews. He combined in His person the offices of prophet (John 6:14; Matthew 13:57; Luke 13:33; 24:19) of king (Luke 23:2; Acts 17:7; 1 Corinthians 15:24; Apocalypse 15:3), and of priest (Hebrews 2:17; etc.); he fulfilled all the Messianic predictions in a fuller and a higher sense than had been given them by the teachers of the Synagogue.” http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08374x.htm
- His position as the servant king, is again shown in God’s naming him, his son, with whom he is well pleased, a combination of the naming of a king (”son”) and the reference to God’s servant, as seen in Isaiah’s 53rd chapter, in verse 10, and the entirety of the chapter’s prediction.
- Jewish Messiah- the Jews expected a great king to come, in the line of David, fulfilling prophesy. Jesus, was the expected “Messiah”, the Saviour of the Jews.
- “Emmanual” or “God with us” (LLX : “Emmanouel“) is the prophetic name given to the child of a virgin in Isaiah chapter 7, verse 14. It already shows the trinitarian nature of the child, who is both God and man, fully both natures.
- Messiah (Christ) is the name of Jesus, given in Daniel 9:26 and Psalm 2:2; it is the prophetic reference to the Jewish messiah.
Jesus name for himself
Jesus called himself the “son of man”, this is both a reference to the prophesy in Daniel (Daniel chapter 7 verse 13) and to God’s human nature, which is taken on.
It shows also, as is demonstrated throughout the bible, that God’s kingdom actually came with Jesus, and is already established in the church.
Lamb of God
This name, often used in Eucharistic ceremony, is used to denote Jesus’ innocence, and sacrificial nature, but also relates to the idea that the blood of such an animal was placed in a cross shape on the door frames of the Jewish people in Egypt, when the destroyer passed through the towns of Egypt, and killed the firstborn of the Egyptians, but spared the firstborn of the Jews, for the sacrificed blood on the door frames.
It is further a reference to Jesus’ perfection, in that the sacrificial lamb had to be without blemish.
“Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world” this statement refers, not simply to the ignoring, or covering, or sweeping under the rug, of the sins of those who believe, but the actual freeing from slavery to the devil, and slavery to the actions of sin (I John chapter 3 verses 7 and 8), over a time, and payment for such (I Corinthians 11 verse 32;Hebrews 12 verse 4) - in such a form, that the Catholic, actually becomes righteous via the sacraments(reference), and purification (Hebrews 12 verse 4), which continues after death in purgatory. In this, all is righted, showing God’s justice, yet the punishment, due to Christ’s death, is not permanent, as God shows, he will not punish the blameless. It is noted, that the Jews, continued to offer sacrifices every year, because they continued to sin.
Sacrifice, timeless, once- only
The sacrifice, was, as the bible notes, only one sacrifice (Hebrews chapter 9 verse 26), which accounts for all sin, throughout history. For this reason, the immaculate conception of Mary was already via the salvation of the cross, and every Eucharistic service, in fact, does not repeat the sacrifice, but connect through time, into the original sacrifice, connecting all the saints, throughout history into this one event,whereby the entire body becomes united, by the breaking of but a single loaf.
Actual Presence in valid Eucharist
Paul himself says that the Corinthians were sick or dying because they did not recognize the Eucharistic bread as the Actual body of Christ. In fact, they were condemning themselves by not recognizing the actual presence, or even respecting it (I Corinthian 11 Verse 29) and would be answerable to harming his body (verse 27) should they take it unworthily.
The salvation of the cross, is thereby administered via the sacraments, which exchange obedient faith, in obeying the illogical, for grace, which purifies (Romans chapter 3 verse 25;I Peter chapter 3 verse 21;1 Corinthians 12 Verse 13), edifies, maintains, and saves(I Peter chapter 3 verse 21;Gospel of John chapter 6) the Christian, entering him into the church(1 Corinthians 12 Verse 13), uniting him with his fellow believers in the Eucharist (Corinthians 10:17) and conforming him to the very image of Christ, via the church, which is the pillar and foundation of the Truth (1 Timothy 3:14-16).
Jesus as the church
Jesus also exists via his church, which the bible calls his body ( Ephesians chapter 4 verse16; I Collosians chapter 1 v 3, 16-18, 24, 26, 28 ; I Corinthians chapter 15 verses 24, 25 ,26, 50,I Timothy chapter 3 verse 15, Ephesians 5 verse 24; CCC 669), with him at the head. This is shown especially in Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus, which shows that it is via the works of his servant on earth, that God saves others, and acts (I Corinthians chapter 9 Verse 16;and a passage where St.Paul speaks of people only hearing the Gospel, if people are sent to preach it) in the world" http://scripturelinkencyclopedia.stblogs.com/2007/12/01/jesus-christ/